1998 Preservation Durham Home Tour: Fayetteville Street, Forest Hills
1998 Preservation Durham Home Tour: Fayetteville Street, Forest HillsSubmitted by gary on Fri, 12/09/2011 - 7:40pm
The 1998 Preservation Durham Home tour was divided between two neighborhoods - College View/Stokesdale and Forest Hills.
The College View / Stokesdale Section, described as the "Fayetteville Street Neighborhood" in the tour booklet:
The Fayetteville Street neighborhood was once one of the most popular neighborhoods in Southeast Durham, the home of many African-American professionals businessmen, and professors at what is now North Carolina Central University. The neighborhood is characterized by bungalows and revival styles taken from plans in popular magazines. Some were built from plans and materials sold as a package in Sears mail order catalogs. Durham builder James Whitted is credited with building a number of these houses.
Built between the 1920s and 1940s, many of the houses here are modest and the city lots are small. The cultural opportunities offered by the nearby college were attractive to residents. The Algonquin Tennis Club, Southeast Durham's most popular social and recreational spot of the 1930s and 1940s, was located nearby in the 1400 block of Fayetteville Street. [Actually 1308 Fayetteville - GK] All of Southeast Durham was drastically changed by the construction of the Durham Freeway [but mostly by urban renewal - GK], cutting through the business district of Hayti, which supported this neighborhood. Preservation efforts are underway for the James E. Shepard House on Fayetteville Street to be restored as a showplace for the community.
Dr. James Shepard, founder of what is now North Carolina Central University, moved to the house at 1902 Fayetteville St. in 1923. The house is Prairie Style architecture - common in the midwest, but not a common architectural form in Durham. Shepard lived in the house, and served as president of the university, until his death in 1947.
Built by Clyde and Eleanor H. Lloyd from mail-order plans, the house at 126 Nelson Street is unusual - a late application of the Art Moderne style, a definite deviation from the other brick ranches in the block in a traditionally African-American neighborhood. Sold in 2004 to James and Edwina Hunter.
The Forest Hills Section
Forest Hills was developed as a golf course neighborhood in the 1920s by James O Cobb and Fuller Glass. They purchased large tracts of farm land along University Drive to fill Durham's growing need for residential neighborhoods for the successful professionals and businessmen of the post-World War I era. Durham architect George Watts Carr Sr. laid out the streets and building lots and designed the golf course in the low lying flood plain. [This paragraph is not very accurate.]
Forest Hills is characterized by elegant homes in the period revival styles popular in the 1920s. Colonial, Tudor, and English cottage homes on winding streets are surrounded by great trees and spacious lawns. Many of the houses were designed by Carr and other local architects. Some were adaptations of plans published in popular magazines such as Home and Garden, which promoted the new suburban life style.
Many of the houses in Forest Hills have had only two or three owners since they were built. Generations of Durham families have grown up here in a neighborhood convenient to downtown but pleasantly removed from the bustle of city life.
This Colonial revival house was built for Thomas C. Worth in the 1920s. Worth was a successful banker. Designed by architects Northrup and O'Brien of Winston- Salem and Durham, the house's exterior is classically symmetrical with five bays under a mansard roof.
This steep-roofed Tudor Revival house is an excellent example both of the style - which was based on idealized English Elizabethan cottages – and of the development of Forest Hills as a premier suburb.