This self-guided walking tour will be held on October 5th, 2013.
510 OAKWOOD AVE.
This side-gabled house is a traditional house form, and it is three bays wide and single-pile. The house appears on the 1913 Sanborn map and the earliest known resident is Mrs. Addie Ellington, widow of T. M. Ellington, in 1919.
510 Oakwood, 1980 (NC SHPO)
This side-gabled house is a traditional house form, and it is three bays wide and single-pile. The house has a stuccoed brick foundation, vinyl siding, and an asphalt-shingled roof. An exterior corbelled brick chimney rises at the left rear of the house. The hip-roofed, full-façade porch is supported by simple square posts with a replacement rail and stairs. Queen Anne-style brackets and turned pilasters are still visible where the porch joins the house. The house has replacement one-over-one vinyl windows throughout. There is a gabled-ell extending from the right (south) rear of the house, a shed-roofed block beyond the ell, and an enclosed shed-roofed porch within the ell. The house appears on the 1913 Sanborn map and the earliest known resident is Mrs. Addie Ellington, widow of T. M. Ellington, in 1919.
1999 (D. County tax office)
06.19.12 (Photo by G. Kueber)
The house has been completely renovated as of 2013.
08.23.13 (G. Kueber)
08.23.13 (G. Kueber)
527 Holloway St. was likely built near the turn of the century by the Gilbert family and sold to RM Jones, who lived at 521 Holloway, after Mr. Gilbert's death in 1908. Later, JJ Whitley moved into this house from 525 Holloway, next door. Subsequent residents included Herbert Mason, a bookeeper for Thomas and Howard, who lived here around 1920, and M. Donald Bright, a partner in Pritchard and Bright Clothing store at 122 West Main. (Which has a big bright green wall on one side these days)
From the Durham Tech Cleveland-Holloway inventory, 1981
a large and lovely, early 20th Century two-story, five bays wide and three rooms deep, weatherboarded, Victorian house resting on a solid brick foundation. With the exception of a one-story, shed roof rear addition, the exterior is unaltered. Two interior, brick chimneys break the asphalt shingled, high hip roof with boxed cornices, small pedimented side gables. and a large front gable with scroll and pendant cornice brackets which projects over a two-story, three-sided bay. The attached, hip roof, wrap-around porch follows the contour of the building and is adorned with turned posts and balusters, a spindle frieze, and scrolled brackets. The windows are all trimmed with simple flat surrounds and the original front door has been replaced with two as the house has been divided into apartments.
The division into a duplex is evident in the picture from the mid-1970s, below.
It appears fairly well maintained, although the original 2-over-2 windows appear to have been replaced with single light windows (with loss of most of the pedimented casings,) and the porch rail replacement is too high with too-skinny balusters. At least they didn't replace the windows with Home Depot specials - the 6 over 6 with the fake plastic muntins (pane dividers).
Looking northeast, 2007
2012 - from the homeowner's blog.
524 HOLLOWAY - HENRY WILKERSON HOUSE
524 Holloway, 1964.
Henry Wilkerson was an administrator at the Golden Belt Hosiery Mill. He had this house constructed, likely around the time the Hosiery Mill began operations nearby, in 1901.
He and his wife lived here until they died. Mrs. Wilkerson's sister, Fanny Dossett, was the next owner of the house, and she also lived in this house until she died, soon after the above picture was taken.
The house was subsequently turned into apartments, and began a slow decline.
524 Holloway, 1970s.
At some point, the most distinctive feature of the house - the elaborate, continuous porch brackets and turned posts that followed the polygonal front porch - was lost.
The current owner is a landscaper, and has created an impressive backyard and, most recently, constructed a grand brick front entryway to the property. He is in the process of restoring the house.
524 Holloway, 2007.
510 HOLLOWAY - R. PEARCY READE HOUSE
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510 Holloway, likely 1960s.
The R. Pearcy Reade house was built around 1900 by Mr. and Mrs. William B. McGary, who purchased the land from Julian Carr. Originally the house, like the others around it, was Victorian / Queen Anne in style.
In 1909, R. Pearcy Reade purchased the house from the McGarys. In the late 1920s, he completely remodeled the house in a Colonial Revival style, building a new 'shell', as it were, around the original. The original walnut trim was retained in the house, although the mantels were replaced with Federalist style mantelpieces. Mr. Reade served as Durham County Attorney for 50 years, and lived in this house from 1909 until his death in 1960.
510 Holloway, 1964 (DCL)
This house remained in good repair, and was renovated by Denise Barnes after she purchased the house in the mid 1980s. She lived in the house for ~ 15 years. The current homeowner has done work to refurbish the house again, and it remains, interior and exterior, one of the finer owner-occupied pieces of architecture in the Cleveland-Holloway district.
Looking south, 2007 (Photo by Gary Kueber)
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Credit goes to Heather's comments on my post yesterday for today's historical background:
She wrote that 523 Holloway, a cross-gabled Victorian with a front-facing bay and large corner brackets, was "likely constructed by Robert (and Susan) Gilbert who purchased the property in the mid-1880s." When Robert Gilbert died in 1908, RM Jones, the owner of 521 Holloway, profiled yesterday, purchased 5 properties on the north side of Holloway.
The above picture dates to 1964, at which point the house was not looking in the best of shape - and had already lost its original porch columns.
This post is an update - I posted on 523 in August of 2006, at which point I noted that the house had been vacant for several years, and was condemned.
Looking northeast from Holloway St. - August 2006.
Fortunately, in November of 2006, it was purchased by the owner-occupant of 510 Holloway, who has been in the process of renovating the house over the past several months.
523 Holloway, September 2007.
A burning question that I don't have the answer to - what happened to the all of the big shade trees on Holloway?
Looking northwest at the corner, 2007.
The northwest corner of Oakwood and Holloway was vacant until the 1920s-1930s, at which point it became a gas station. It would become one of 4 gas stations on Holloway between Oakwood and Roxboro, an Esso station across the street from the Pure Oil station on the southeast corner of N. Dillard and Holloway
Looking northeast, 1966, from the corner of N. Dillard and Holloway. Notice that Oakwood and Dillard did not connect with one another. You can see houses in the 300 block of Oakwood in the background.
This gas station was taken as part of urban renewal and demolished. Part of the land went to connect Oakwood, Dillard, and Holloway into a 4-way intersection. The remainder became a park at some point, which it remains today.
In urban design, we make a lot out of neighborhood parks, pocket parks, etc. - the small spaces within walking distance of the rest of the neighborhood. The success of these spaces, however, is very much context dependent and design dependent - you can't simply create a small park where you have leftover space and expect it to work.
Because it clearly does not. One problem is the too-large roadway system here (not just the width, but the huge turning radii) with a lack of any on-street parking. These streets are not kid territory. And unfortunately, one of the costs to the neighborhood of having the Urban Ministries shelter 1 block away is that this park is filled with people from the shelter during the day (my understanding is that they must leave the shelter during the day.) Many of them are passed out/sleeping on the play equipment and lawn.
I visited this park in several occasions over the summer (as part of my day job.) It is hard for a kid to use the slide when there is a grown man sleeping on the platform. (It wasn't me.) I watched several mothers walk by with their children - and repeatedly I saw the mothers tighten their grip on their children's hands and pull them closer as they walked by. One woman told me that she was "scared to death" of this park.
So if your goal is for kids to be able to play and exercise, or for neighbors to feel like they could bring a book or their lunch there, the mission of this park is clearly failing. What should be an amenity to the neighborhood is widely viewed as a liability.
Is some of this social stigma? Undoubtedly. But do we expect moms to tell their children to climb over the passed-out man on the slide?
There is no easy solution to the problem presented here. This is the neighborhood context. While I would advocate for improving the streetscape here - it is not pedestrian friendly - I don't think that would do anything to help this park.
Oakwood Park, looking northeast from Holloway St., 2007.