West Durham, 1910, showing the quantity of houses owned by Erwin Mill (with the number of rooms in the house outline)
Courtesy of Duke Rare Book and Manuscript Collection, via the excellent expansion of the Durham Maps collection at Digital Durham.
By the early part of the 20th century, dozens of mill houses had been constructed to the south of Erwin Mill and the railroad tracks / West Pettigrew Street. Most of the more modest of these houses were south of Erwin Road, and, as the map above makes clear, most of these houses were mill-owned by 1910.
By the 1950s, most of the houses had become privately owned; whether piecemeal or with concerted effort, Duke began to acquire properties in the mill village.
Southern portion of the West Durham mill village, 1959.
One of the more annoying things I've ever heard a Duke administrator say was during meetings regarding Duke's plans to re-develop Central Campus. I'll paraphrase, because I can't remember the quote exactly, but the gist of it was that we were really quite lucky, because Duke has all of this underused land to expand into, rather than making incursions into Durham's neighborhoods.
Which is exactly what Duke did to create Central Campus in the late 1960s; while the city government was hacking away at the downtown neighborhoods with the scythe of urban renewal, Duke was 'renewing' the West Durham mill village, tearing down dozens of mill houses to expand its campus.
200 block of Anderson St. (east side) looking south from Erwin Road, 04.03.68
200 block of Anderson St. (east side) looking north from near Yearby, 04.03.68
Likely Acme St. (south side) looking west from Anderson, 04.03.68
Central campus, a series of apartment buildings which, I believe, were originally primarily intended for graduate students, but soon came to house undergraduates as well, was built in place of the mill village during the early 1970s.
200 Anderson St., east side, looking north from near Yearby, 04.08.09
200 Anderson St., west side, looking north from near Yearby, 04.12.09
Parking predominates in this low-slung suburban-style area; "campus" is a term used loosely, a fact which Duke realizes. To their credit, at this point, they seem to understand that Central Campus creates nothing akin to community. Having unwillingly lived on Oregon St. for a year, I can say that my personal opinion is that it's a particularly depressing place to live.
(It's also oddly similar in architecture to the Liberty Street Apartments Housing Project )
Find this spot on a Google Map.