1999 Preservation Durham Home Tour: Watts-Hillandale

1999 Preservation Durham Home Tour: Watts-Hillandale


Watts Hospital-Hillandale is a treasure trove of early twentieth-century American residential architecture. Just as the revolution in transportation, the streetcar, made Watts-Hospital-Hillandale possible, modern conveniences such as central heating, electric appliances, and indoor plumbing had a dramatic impact on home design.

The new architecture rejected the highly decorative and complicated Victorian styles of the nineteenth century. Instead, emphasis was placed on clean lines and simple massing. Structural elements such as piers and brackets were appreciated for their functional virtue.

Purely American styles such as the Craftsman bungalow developed by Charles and Henry Greene of California and the Prairie Style promoted by Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright vied with eclectic Spanish Mission, English Cottage, and Tudor Revival styles for the public's attention. Also, patriotic fervor brought on by the First World War stimulated interest in American Colonial Revival styles. 

2423WestClub_082811.jpg

2423 WEST CLUB BOULEVARD - LYON HOUSE

2423
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1915
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
,
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Fri, 11/18/2011 - 8:57pm by gary

Comments

2423
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1915
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
,
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2423WestClub_082811.jpg

08.28.11

Wm. C. Lyon House. William C. Lyon, owner of Lyon Hardware and Building Co. at 213 East Chapel Hill St., had this house built and lived here until the early 1960s. Ralph Cooke, his partner, lived here until 1998.

Imposing 2 1/2 story blond brick Neoclassical Revival/Prairie style house with a hip roof with hip dormers, end chimneys, 9-over-1 paired sash. windows, and a French front door with transom and sidelights. A striking entrance porch has brick posts with arched bays set on stone piers, and a roof-top balcony. Terraces extend to either side.

Add new comment

 

2418WClub_082811.jpg

2418 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2418
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1915
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Sat, 11/26/2011 - 8:23am by gary

Comments

2418
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1915
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2418WClub_082811.jpg

08.28.11

D. T. Sasser House.

Large ornate Foursquare with hip roof, interior chimneys, deep eaves with curvilinear brackets, and a hipped front dormer. The front cross- gable has a lunette. Other finish includes plain siding, replacement front door with original transom, 2-over-1 sash windows, and a 1-story wraparound porch with massive paneled posts, original railing, and a dentil cornice.

Daniel T. Sasser, with the Royall & Borden furniture co., had the house built. (1925 CD) A rear addition was added in the 1990s.

Add new comment

 

2416WClub_082811.jpg

2416 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2416
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1920-1924
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Sat, 11/26/2011 - 8:18am by gary

Comments

2416
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1920-1924
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

 

2416WClub_082811.jpg

08.28.11

Burell-Height House.

Bungalow with a side clipped gable roof, deep eaves with large brackets and a front clipped cross-gable with louvered vent. The exterior has plain siding and paired 9-over-1 sash windows. An eyebrow vent rests over the entrance, which has an original glazed and paneled door. The engaged porch has battered posts and original railing. The original side porch is screened.

1925 CD: Ray Burell occupant.

Add new comment

 

2410WClub_tax.jpg

2410 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2410
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1923
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Tue, 05/07/2013 - 8:12am by gary

Comments

2410
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1923
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 

 

2410WClub_tax.jpg

Add new comment

 

2321WClub_082811.jpg

2321 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2321
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1922
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Fri, 10/07/2022 - 1:39pm by gary

Comments

2321
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1922
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2321WClub_082811.jpg

08.28.11

Fall 2022 update: This home is having its 100th Birthday and you're invited!  Find out more about the free (but donations welcome) Garden Party put on by these generous homeowners and Preservation Durham here.

Below, in italics, from the 2001 National Register Historic District nomination for Watts-Hillandale:

Hixon-Barton House.

Side-gabled bungalow with a front gabled dormer, 12-over- 1 and 15-over-1 sash windows, a French front door with 5-pane transom, and plain siding. The wraparound porch has brick piers with boxed posts.

F. A. Hixon, manager of Woolworth's Dime Store, had the house built. Henry Barton (owner of Barton Electric Co.) and his family bought it in 1937 and lived here many years.

09.27.2022

A more detailed house history was compiled by Tom Miller for a Preservation Durham plaque application in November 2013, copied in its entirety below:

This small but high-style bungalow was built in in 1921 or early 1922.  It may have been intended as the home of Dr. and Mrs. William Maurice Coppridge who purchased the lot from the West End Land Company in 1921.  Dr. Coppridge worked at Watts Hospital and maintained an office downtown.  During the early 1920s, he and his wife lived on Club Boulevard near the country club a little further west of the subject property, in the block between Alabama Avenue and Hester Street (now Georgia Avenue).   If the subject house was built for the Coppridges, they did not live in it.  Instead, the house was first home to Fred A. Hixon and his wife, Nelda Pearl Hixon.  Hixon was manager of Durham’s F. W. Woolworth & Co. department store in the Geer Building at the corner of Main and Corcoran Streets.

            Hixon resided at 2321 W. Club Boulevard until 1926.  In that year he and his wife moved to a home on Oakwood Avenue, within walking distance of Woolworth’s.  The Hixons retained ownership of 2321 West Club and rented it to a succession of yearly tenants.  In 1927, the house was occupied by Hiram Myers and his wife, Rosa.  Myers was a professor of religion at Duke University.  He was a 1915 Trinity College graduate and later he was a minister at Duke Memorial Methodist Church.  There he earned the confidence of the Duke family and university president William Preston Few.  In 1924, Few hired Myers onto the Duke faculty.  By the mid-1930s, Myers became chairman of the religion department.  (See Durden, Robert, The Launching of Duke University, 1924-1949 (Duke University Press, 1993) p. 152.)

            During 1928-1929, the house was home to William Boyd and his wife, Flora (also shown as Minnie in the directories).  Boyd was manager of the cigarette department at American Tobacco (This William Boyd is not William K. Boyd, the Durham historian).  In 1930, Daniel McGregor Williams and his wife, Anne,  lived in the house.  Williams was an engineer who in the early 1920s helped design the dam and reservoir on the Flat River.  That facility was later named for the superintendent of Durham’s waterworks, Capt. John C. Michie. By the late 20s, Williams was assistant superintendent and when Michie retired in 1930, Williams succeeded him as superintendent.  The Hillandale Road water plant (1917-1949) where Williams had his office was subsequently named for him.  (See Durham Sun, September 10, 1976, and PARADE, December, 1994.) In 1930, the Williams family moved around the corner to another early bungalow at 1107 Alabama Avenue.   (See Roberts, Claudia, The Durham Architectural and Historic Inventory, (City of Durham, 1982) pp. 270-271.)  When 2321 West Club was surveyed for the 1931 city directory it was vacant, but during 1932-1933, the house was home to Richard W. Galphin and his wife, Margaret.  Galphin was the manager of Producer’s Mutual Exchange.

            In 1934, the Hixons sold the house to W. J. Muse and A. L. Phipps.  Muse was the treasurer and manager of the Fidelity Bank, the principal tenant of the Geer Building where Woolworth’s was located.  Phipps was a teller there.  Muse lived at 1110 Virginia Avenue, just around the corner from 2321 West Club.  Muse and Phipps were undoubtedly acquainted with Hixon not only as businessmen occupying the same building, but in Muse’s case at least, as a neighbor as well. 

            Muse and Phipps used 2321 W. Club as a rental property.  In 1934, their tenants were Irving E. Gray and his wife, Virginia Gray, who also had a PhD.  Irving Gray was an assistant zoology professor at Duke University.  Virginia taught at the nursing school.  (Many years later, Dr. Virginia Gray took a position in Duke’s Manuscript Department where she became genealogist to the Dukes and a well-known historian of women in the 19th century South.  See Scott, Anne F. Unheard Voices: The First Historians of Southern Women, (University of Virginia Press, 1993) p. 75.)

            In 1935, the property was the home of Dr. William M. Smith and his wife, Virginia R. Smith.  Dr. Smith was a radiologist at Watts Hospital.  During 1936-1937, the two-bedroom house was home to a Methodist minister, the Rev. Benson H. Black, his wife, Sarah, and their five sons, George, Jason, William, Harvey, and Benson, Jr.  Of these, all but George were adults.  William was a bookkeeper at the Fidelity Bank’s East Durham branch on Driver Avenue. (See N. C. Death Certificate for Benson H. Black, 1972-1946.)  In 1938, the house was home to Heyward M. Dukes, his wife, Eva, and Claire L. Snypes.  Eva Dukes worked at the Hospital Pharmacy (at the southeast corner of Broad Street and Club Boulevard) and Miss Snypes was a nurse at Watts Hospital.  The directories do not indicate an occupation for Mr. Dukes.

            In 1939, the house was occupied by James Henry Barton (1982-1977) and his wife, Addie M. Barton (1893-1986).  James Henry Barton was variously known as “J. H. Barton” (deeds), “James H. Barton” (see 1940 U.S. Census), and “J. Henry Barton” (see obituary Durham Sun, December 1, 1977).  Addie Barton is consistently referred to as “Addie M. Barton” in city directories and other references until the 1970s.  She is subsequently referred to as “Mrs. J. H. Barton” or “Marguerite Rogers Barton.”  A comparison of social security numbers in entries in the United States Social Security Death Index 1935 – Present and the N.C. Death Index 1908-2004 confirms that Addie M. Barton and Marguerite Rogers Barton are the same person.

            J. H. Barton was an electrical contractor and the proprietor of the Durham Electrical Construction Company and later the Barton Electrical Company.  He was born in New York and came to Durham with Addie in 1935.  They had two children, James Henry, Jr., and Elizabeth.  Elizabeth was 22 years old when the Bartons moved into the Club Boulevard house.  She is not listed as a resident in the 1940 census.  James Henry, Jr., was born around 1930 and did reside in the house with his parents during his childhood. 

            In 1941, the Bartons purchased the Club Boulevard house from the Muses and the Phippses and resided there until Mr. Barton’s death in the home on November 30, 1977.  Addie continued to reside in the home until 1983 when she sold the property.  She died on January 15, 1986, and is buried near her husband and daughter in the Barton-Pendergraft plot in section 13 of Maplewood Cemetery.  An upright piano in the house is believed to have belonged to the Bartons.

            From 1983 until 1989, the house was the home of William Michael Pratt and his wife, Charlotte Catherine Wolf Pratt.  Mr. Pratt was employed at the Research Triangle Park.  The Pratts sold the house to the applicants, Fred A. Peterson and Kathy D. Carter in 1989.  They have resided in the house since the time of their purchase.

            Fred Peterson is a pension actuary with Aon Hewitt.  Kathy Carter is a data manager with Duke University.  Both are active in the Historic Preservation Society of Durham where they have served as officers and directors.

            The house is an end-gabled craftsman bungalow with a broad, shallow attic dormer over the front entry.  The rectangular window in the dormer is divided into eight lights and the window frame rests on four blocks or quoins.  This window is repeated in the west-facing gable over the wraparound porch.  The slope of the roof in the end gables is unbroken and its importance as a defining architectural element is stressed by the deep roof overhang.  The tails of the bargeboards are notched.  The house is uniformly clad with narrow clapboards.  The engaged porch is supported by four relatively short truncated pyramidal craftsman columns on tall brick pedestals.  The brick is the wire-striated and randomly flashed brick so popular in Durham during the 1920s.  The mortar joints are deeply raked.  The pedestals have cast concrete caps.  The front door and the double-hung windows on either side are located within the central bay formed by the columns and consequently to the left of the center of the mass of the house.  The front door is surmounted by a five-light transom.  The windows are not original, but retain the twelve-over-one arrangement of the original window lights.

            The house employs a typical bungalow plan.  The front entry opens directly into the living room occupying the northwest corner of the house.  The colonial-style fireplace in this room is original.  Beyond the living room is a large dining room.  Originally, there was a breakfast nook separating the kitchen from the dining room, but this was eliminated in a later remodeling of the kitchen.  The kitchen and a porch were originally contained in a one-story el on the rear of the house. The original porch flooring is still visible as a ledger along the exterior west side of the el.  Along the east side of the house are the original two bedrooms separated by a bath and small hall.  The house retains its original doors, hardware, casework, and moldings.  In the public rooms, the picture molding is topped by a deep crown molding.  The doors have six panels and the knobs are hexagonal brass.  The dining room is lit by a tripartite set of sash windows with a nine-over-one lighting pattern.  The windows are replacements, but the light pattern is original.

            In 1997, the attic was finished as a master suite.  This work did not change the exterior appearance of the house or significantly alter the interior.  In 2004, the kitchen (which was not original) was updated and the rear porch area which earlier had been converted into a den living area was remodeled.  In this project, the rearward el was extended five feet.

Add new comment

 

2300WClub2_082811.jpg

2300 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2300
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1921
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Fri, 11/25/2011 - 8:58am by gary

Comments

2300
,
Durham
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1921
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2300WClub2_082811.jpg

08.28.11

E. C. Dameron House.

Substantial bungalow with a side gable roof, central chimney, wood shake exterior walls, and 4-over-1 windows in pairs and triples. The replacement door has a 4-pane transom. The gabled porch has stucco piers and tripled boxed posts, arched impost blocks, a peaked lintel, and deep eaves with brackets and exposed rafter tails. The rear addition has a sunroom and attached garage.

W. E. Alley bought the lot in 1921 and built the house soon afterward. 1925 CD: W. E. Alley occupant. The E. C. Dameron family occupied the house from the 1930s until the 1970s. Dameron worked for Duke Power Co.

I saw this house on a home tour years ago (early 2000s) and have never been able to get the long skinny, stone, single-lane in-ground pool in the backyard out of my mind. Very cool. 

Add new comment

 

2219WClub_082811.jpg

2219 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2219
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1925-1929
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
,
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Fri, 11/25/2011 - 7:52am by gary

Comments

2219
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1925-1929
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
,
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2219WClub_082811.jpg

Samuel R. Greene House.

1 1/2-story, side-gable bungalow with an end chimney, front gable dormer, exposed eave brackets, wood shake siding, and a front gable wing. It has 5-over-1 Craftsman sash windows, a Craftsman front door, and a side bay window. The wraparound gabled porch has brick posts and open brickwork railing.

Durham Lumber Co. supt. Samuel R. Greene had this built. Adopted from a 1917 Aladdin house plan, "The Plaza."

Add new comment

2120Sprunt_Lustron2_082811.jpg

2120 SPRUNT AVE. – KEIR LUSTRON HOUSE

2120
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1949
/ Modified in
1957
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
,
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Tue, 04/09/2019 - 6:12pm by gary

Comments

2120
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1949
/ Modified in
1957
Architectural style: 
Construction type: 
,
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

(Courtesy of Lappegard Photography, March 2019)

Featured in the 2019 Preservation Durham Home Tour (text in italics below from the tour booklet):

This little house on Sprunt Avenue is a truly rare American architectural gem.  It is a “Lustron” house – made entirely of enameled steel inside and out.  The house was prefabricated and sold by the Lustron Corporation of Columbus Ohio in 1949-50....Henry and Louise Keir first learned about Lustron Houses from a 1947 article in Life magazine.

 Part of a Lustron ad in Life Magazine, October 11, 1948, p.93.  For more on Lustrons in Durham and as a trend in architecture, click here.

At the time, they were living around the corner on Oakland Avenue.  Henry Keir came to Durham as a soldier During World War II.  Here he met Louise Murray and they married in 1943.  When the war ended, the Keirs decided to stay in Durham and build a home and raise a family.  In 1947, Henry had a good job as a bookkeeper with the Miller-Hurst Company in the tobacco market district downtown.  The firm sold Goodyear tires, did auto repairs, and sold appliances, especially when farmers were in town.  Louise Keir worked in the business school at Duke University.  With their steady jobs and Henry’s G. I. Bill benefits, the Keirs could afford to buy a Lustron House.  They selected a lot on Sprunt Street and ordered a two-bedroom “Westchester.”  The local Lustron agent was the Keirs’ neighbor, Eileen Johns.  Johns was one of the first women real estate agents in Durham and was also among the first women contractors in the region.  The Lustron truck arrived at the Keirs’ lot in 1950 and the house went up in a little more than a day with an audience of curious neighbors watching and cheering. [...]

The Keirs’ Lustron house is very nearly original condition.  The walls still gleam.  All of the built-in shelves, chests, and closets are still in place.  It’s hard to believe that this house is nearly 70 years old.  The Keirs lived in the house for fifty of those years.  Here they raised their two sons.  Henry Keir died in 1985.  Louise lived on the house until 2000 when she moved to Croasdaile Village.  She died in 2006.  In 1957, the Keirs added a den and storage room on the back.  Louise designed the addition herself to fit with the original building as nearly as possible.  By then, Lustron was no longer available so the addition is made of traditional materials using traditional building methods. This addition does not interfere with the fabric of the Lustron house or its original layout.  Over time the original Lustron appliances and furnace serving the house have been replaced, but in a way that preserves the Lustron concept and lifestyle.

Today, it is estimated that only 1,500 Lustron houses are still standing.  Many of these have been modified beyond recognition.  The houses have a huge following and have become something of an architectural collector’s item.  There are five in Durham.  Two are in Watts-Hillandale.  There is one in Duke Forest and another two in Duke Park.

2120Sprunt_Lustron2_082811.jpg(08.28.2011)

NCModernist.org features some nice pictures of respectful renovation done since the original owners sold 2120 Sprunt - removing the carport and updating the addition done by the Keirs.  There's even a jazzy before and after video.

Add new comment

2001WClub_082811.jpg

2001 WEST CLUB BLVD.

2001
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1921
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

Comments

No comments yet.

Add new comment

In tours

Last updated

  • Tue, 11/08/2011 - 6:36pm by gary

Comments

2001
,
Durham
NC
Built in
1921
Architectural style: 
,
Construction type: 
Local historic district: 
National Register: 
Neighborhood: 
Type: 
Use: 

 

2001WClub_082811.jpg

08.28.11

 

Joseph J. Woods House. Transitional Queen Anne-Craftsman style house with a hip roof, plain siding and wood shakes on the walls, interior chimneys, and a 2- story rear addition. The wraparound hip 1-story porch has Craftsman posts and plain railings. The 4-over-1 Craftsman sash windows have Queen Anne details. The original glazed and paneled front door has sidelights. Joseph H. Woods, a yard foreman at Erwin Cotton Mills, purchased the lot in 1921 and built the house soon afterward. 1925 CD: Joseph J. Woods occupant.

Add new comment

The tour briefly overviews renovation in Walltown, notably 1205-1215 Berkley Street, and1117 Lancaster Street